Cuales son los aspectos principales de la salud en chile para migrantes?

Los inmigrantes en Chile que requieran de atención médica pueden acudir a centros de salud primaria, sin embargo, tienen limitantes en el área

Según el Ministerio de Salud Chile, los centros de salud primaria en Chile permiten que todo aquel extranjero que no posea RUN y sus recursos económicos sean escasos, pueda acceder de forma gratuita de la red pública de salud, de la misma forma que los nacionales lo hacen.

Si el inmigrante se encuentra en la situación de requerir de atención médica, podrá acudir a centros de salud primaria, hospitales públicos y servicios de urgencia, quedando excluidos del servicio; clínicas, laboratorios, centros médicos y consultas médicas privadas.

Todos los datos e información proporcionada en este artículo es en base al portal web del Ministerio de Salud Chile.

Urgencias médicas

En el caso en el cual un inmigrante, ya sea que se encuentre de forma irregular o regular en el país, tiene derecho a la atención en cualquier ente público o privado de salud, únicamente cuando la urgencia signifique un riesgo para la salud del mismo.

De igual forma, todos los inmigrantes tienen el derecho de asistir a prestaciones de salud pública como controles nutricionales, vacunas, exámenes como mamografía, Test de Elisa, atención de enfermedades transmisibles (como la Enfermedades de Transmisión Sexual), métodos de fertilidad, entre otros.

Los migrantes que posean un contrato de trabajo o sean independientes y tienen reconocidos a sus familiares directos (hijos, padres, cónyugue) tienen acceso a la atención médica mediante el Fondo Nacional de Salud (Fonasa) y la Institución de Salud Previsional (Isapres).

Enfermedades preexistentes y su cobertura

Según ”Economía y Negocios CL” en la reforma de salud publicada el pasado 2019 que el Gobierno de Chile impulsaría no estarían las exigencias que el sistema privado de salud cotiza y una de estas son para las enfermedades preexistentes.

Las enfermedades preexistentes son aquellas que han sido diagnosticadas antes de la suscripción de contrato de un seguro médico, en el caso de ser Isapres, para ello, el ciudadano debe anunciarlo en Declaración de Salud donde reportan su estado de salud , y especialmente si son este tipo de enfermedades.

Negación de asistencia médica por enfermedades preexistentes

Isapres puede no pagar por servicios de salud en múltiples casos, y estas por lo general son cuando se tratan de enfermedades preexistentes no declaradas o reportadas anteriormente, solo exceptuando cuando se justifique. Para ello, el historial o antecedente médico debe ser registrado en dicho ente.

De igual forma, si anteriormente no se ha declarado sobre dichas enfermedades ante el Isapre en la Declaración de Salud, pueden negar la cobertura en la asistencia médica por ocultar o no declarar el caso.

Por lo tanto, si algún inmigrante o extranjero se encuentra en las condiciones mencionadas y no porta visa, RUN o permiso de residencia no tiene garantía o convenio que pueda beneficiarle en la asistencia médica. Sin embargo, puede recurrir al centro de salud más cercano de su residencia.

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