Cual es la características e impacto de la migración venezolana en Péru ?

Según el reporte del BBVA publicado este mes de octubre de 2019, se dio a conocer que más de 800 mil venezolanos en Perú ha impactado al país sudamericano, así como la mayoría de estos inmigrantes se encuentran en Lima.

En los datos se dio a conocer las características que presentan los venezolanos al llegar al territorio peruano:

Así como los requisitos exigidos a los venezolanos han estado endureciéndose a mediados de este año 2019, exigiendo la visa, ya sea de turismo o humanitaria, con el objetivo de que el tráfico de inmigrantes disminuyera considerablemente.

El 76,9 % de los venezolanos que viven en Perú están habitando en Lima, así como 0,7 en Tumbes, 4,8 en Piura, 1,2% en Lambayeque, 6,6% en La Libertad, 2,2% en Ica, 5,1% en Arequipa y 0,5 en Tacna.

Venezolanos en el mercado laboral peruano

Las condiciones laborales para los inmigrantes venezolanos por parte del peruano se registran como informales:

  1. El 89% de los trabajadores no firmó un contrato.
  2. El 76% trabaja en micro empresas, que pueden tener de 1 a 10 trabajadores, no son muy productivas y son 91% más informales.
  3. 97% de los inmigrantes venezolanos no posee un seguro médico otorgado por el empleador, y estos seguros son obligatorios para todos los trabajadores.

En la documentación el 52% está tramitando el Permiso Temporal de Permanencia (PTP), y solo el 27% tiene aceptado el PTP, el 8% tiene su cédula de identidad o carnet de extranjería. El 4% posee visa de turismo o estudiantil. De refugiados o solicitantes hay un 5% y de forma irregular un 3%, finalmente solo un 0,2% tienen la nacionalidad peruana.

Así como en el área de los estudios solo un 3% de los inmigrantes venezolanos ha podido homologar su título, el otro 97% no

Envío de remesas a Venezuela

La mayoría de los venezolanos envían remesas.

Mayores de 14 años un 66% envía remesas a sus familiares, pero un 34% menor de 14 no.

La frecuencia mensual del envío para ayudar a sus familiares en el país es de 35%, de forma quincenal un 33%, semanalmente 26%, bimestral 3% y otro 2%. El monto mensual promedio de remesas suele ser entre 240 y 280 soles (moneda de Perú).

El 74% de los venezolanos envía 100 soles o menos, el 21% de 100 a 200 soles y solo el 5% más de 200 soles (aproximadamente 60 dólares estadounidenses). El cambio puede variar dependiendo de la tasa del día.

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